Argentina since Independence by Leslie Bethell

By Leslie Bethell

Argentina when you consider that Independence brings jointly seven chapters from Volumes three, five, and eight of The Cambridge background of Latin the US to supply in one quantity an fiscal, social, and political heritage of Argentina considering independence. each one bankruptcy is followed via a bibliographical essay.

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A Military Academy was established in 1869 and the formation of a professional officer corps was begun. The law of recruitment of 21 September 1872 anticipated national conscription. This was the institutional framework for the new army. But a more effective impetus was given by its operations during the rebellions of the caudillos and the War of Paraguay, when it increased its numbers and added to its experience. The army gave the president real power and enabled him to extend the executive's reach into the furthest corners of Argentina.

And the peak of 1839-42 was not typical of the whole regime but rather an extraordinary manifestation of a general rule, namely, that terrorism existed to enforce submission to government policy in times of national emergency. The system gave Rosas hegemony in Buenos Aires for over twenty years. But he could not apply the same strategy in the whole of Argentina. In the first place he did not govern 'Argentina'. The thirteen provinces governed themselves independently, though they were grouped in one general Confederation of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.

In many of the provinces of the interior the federal party had weaker economic roots and a narrower social base than in Buenos Aires; and in the remoter parts of the confederation Rosas could not instantly apply autocratic domination or regulate the use of terror. The unification of Argentina, therefore, meant the conquest of Argentina by Buenos Aires. Federalism gave way to rosismo, an informal system of control from the centre which Rosas achieved by patience and exercised with persistence. The Federal Pact of 4 January 1831 between the littoral provinces, Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, Santa Fe and later Corrientes, inaugurated a From independence to national organization 31 decade of relative stability in the east, though this could not disguise the hegemony of Buenos Aires, its control of customs revenue and river navigation, and its indifference to the economic interests of the other provinces.

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