By Colin Lewis
With specific concentrate on political intrigue, army energy, and such key figures as Eva Peron and Videla, this can be a enticing survey of the using forces at the back of Argentina, its dramatic upward push, and up to date difficulties.
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Extra resources for Argentina: A Short History
Buenos Aires covered the trade deficit by ‘reexporting’ to the interior provinces, which ran a corresponding adverse balance with Buenos Aires which acquired specie, along with up-country commodities, to cover its deficit in overseas trade. qxd 04/10/02 07:41 Page 45 Independent Internationalism 45 terms of trade (the sharp fall in shipping freights had a disproportionate, positive impact on bulky, relatively low value commodities) and volume growth in exports – first wool and later cereals. The trade balance remained largely in surplus from the middle of the nineteenth century until the 1950s.
Qxd 04/10/02 07:40 Page 30 30 Argentina: A Short History southern indian frontier. It was, however, a porous frontier. During the late colonial period, official expeditions to round-up wild cattle (vaquerías) had been organised in indian territory and periodic incursions of nomadic tribes across the Salado were not infrequent. By the 1820s, the frequency of indian incursions had increased. Frontier defences had been neglected in the revolutionary period as regular troops and the militia had been recruited into the Army of the Andes to liberate Chile and Peru and conscripted by various factions during the civil wars.
With the McKinley tariff of 1891, the USA seemed to turn against free trade. Although the tariff addressed principally the demands of industrialists, as a quid pro quo protection was offered to the agricultural lobby in order to capture farming-community support – by 1890 producers of cotton and cereal had experienced almost two decades of price volatility and decline. The writing was on the wall for Argentine producers who competed with their US counterparts in world markets. Subsequently, sanitary regulations would be employed to bar Argentine meat from the USA, despite expectations by estancieros at various points in the twentieth century that the US market was about to become the prime buyer.