By Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams
A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication
A most desirable mound web site bargains a wealth of fundamental information on mortuary practices within the Mississippian Period.the biggest prehistoric mound web site in Georgia is found in modern day Macon and is named Ocmulgee. It used to be first recorded in August 1739 by means of normal James Oglethorpe’s rangers in the course of an excursion to the territory of the decrease Creeks. The botanist William Bartram wrote broadly of the ecology of the realm in the course of his stopover at in 1773, however the 1873 quantity by means of Charles C. Jones, Antiquities of the Southern Indians, rather of the Georgia Tribes, used to be the 1st to regard the archaeological importance of the site.
Professional excavations started at Ocmulgee in 1933 less than the auspices of the Smithsonian establishment, utilizing Civil Works management hard work. Investigations persevered lower than numerous sponsorships until eventually December 1936, whilst the locality was once officially named a countrywide monument. Excavation of the mounds, village websites, earth hotel, and funeral mound published an career of the Macon Plateau spanning greater than 7,000 years. The funeral mound used to be discovered to include log tombs, bundles of disarticulated bones, flexed burials, and cremations. Grave items integrated uniquely patterned copper sunlight disks that have been chanced on at just one different web site within the Southeast—the Bessemer web site in Alabama—so the 2 ceremonial facilities have been proven as contemporaries.
In this vintage paintings of archaeological learn and research, Charles Fairbanks has not just provided an entire remedy of the cultural improvement and lifeways of the developers of Ocmulgee yet has additionally similar them successfully to different recognized cultures of the prehistoric Southeast.
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Extra resources for Archeology of the funeral mound, Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia
C. C. Jones Mound Mound Mound Mound A. B. C. D Numerical 1 Bi 2 1 Bi 2 1 Bi 1 1 Bd 1 Bi 4 1 Bi ') 1 Bi 6 Presen t descri pti ve Great Temple Mound. Lesser Temple Mound. Funeral Mound . Cornfield Mound. Southeast Mound and Trading Post. McDougal Mound. Dunlap Mound. The Great Temple Mound is the largest of the group and lies farthest to the southwest. The basal dimensions are 300 fe~t northwest-southeast and 270 feet northeast-southwest. At present it rises to a height of 40 feet from the area directly north but this, in turn, has been built up to a height of about 9 feet so that the total height is around 50 feet.
Two of these contained no burials but only one was probably a refuse pit. The pits will be discussed in numerical order together with the burials they con· tained. All the information on the pits is presented in summary form in Table III, burials in Table IV, Appendix E. Figure 4 is a plat recording the location of pits and burials. Pit 9 lay about 30 feet west of the eastern edge of the primary mound. 9 feet. It originated in the submound humus and it could not be determined whether it was cut from the upper or lower part of that band.
It represents an evolution out of Swift Creek but the exact stages are not yet defined. There is also a dominant element of check stamping and cord marking in Savannah that points to coastal and perhaps northeastern affiliations. Etowah, Kolomoki, and Savannah are all absent from the Macon chronology and these periods represent a gap in the occupation of the area. This gap occurs at the end of the Macon Plateau occupation and may represent a hiatus due to such social attitudes as awe of previous occupants, and such political elements as conquest of the Macon Plateau by other peoples.