By John Webster
The farming of animals for meat and milk confronts a stark predicament. whereas global call for from a becoming and extra prosperous human inhabitants is expanding speedily, there are robust counter-arguments that we should always devour much less meat and pay extra consciousness to environmental safety, animal welfare and human well-being and health and wellbeing.
The target of this booklet is to spot and clarify the reasons and participants to present difficulties in animal husbandry, specifically these with regards to 'factory farming', and strengthen arguments which can give a contribution to its winning re-orientation. Husbandry is taken into account in its broadest feel, specifically the efficient and sustainable use of the land for the nice of all (plants, people and different animals).
The first a part of the ebook outlines rules and arguments essential to have interaction with present difficulties: depletion of typical assets and destruction of surroundings, animal welfare, nutrition and wellbeing and fitness, reasonable exchange and sharing assets. those arguments are illustrated by way of examples and adequate proof to justify the argument with out obscuring the message. the second one half offers a chain of optimistic proposals for swap and improvement in animal husbandry, either within the built global and subsistence agriculture. those comprise extra built-in crop and farm animals farming structures, the ethics of animal welfare and environmental administration, and the evolution of a brand new social agreement wherein the rights of the folks to a good percentage of excellent, secure nutrients and a eco-friendly and delightful land are matched by means of a shared accountability to maintain these items.
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Additional info for Animal Husbandry Regained: The Place of Farm Animals in Sustainable Agriculture
2â•‡ Efficiency of energy and protein conversion in meat, milk and egg production, described by the ratio of output to input. 30 Input/year (MJ ME in total) MJ ‘competitive’ ME Input/year (kg protein in total) kg ‘competitive’ protein Efficiency the contribution of the breeding beef cow is only one calf/year, plus her own carcass at eventual slaughter. In each column the efficiency of conversion of feed energy and protein is expressed in two ways: • Overall efficiency: food energy and protein (for human consumption) relative to total feed energy and protein consumed by the animals (both the breeding and slaughter generations).
G. small rodents). In these circumstances, provision of suitable habitat should be sufficient to achieve a stable balance of nature. With other species, such as the African elephant or the omnivorous badger, which has no natural predators in the UK, it is very difficult to avoid controlled culling as a population measure to prevent numbers expanding to the point where the balance of nature breaks down. 2). Utility implies respect for the utilitarian principle of the greatest good for the greatest number; humanity implies that any act likely to cause harm should be carried out in such a way as to minimise suffering.
My aim is not to subdue you with facts but to inspire you to think. 2 as production of food and other goods for human use, management of the land as an amenity and stewardship of the environment. Every opportunity for the individual carries with it a matching responsibility. These responsibilities do not relate simply to the provision of food and other goods for humans; they extend to sentient farm animals and, indeed, to the welfare of all life on the land. Moreover they apply to us all, because we all live off the land.