An Introduction to Systems Science by John N. Warfield

By John N. Warfield

This is often the 1st ebook that renders a radical dialogue of structures technology. It attracts on fabric from an intensive number of exterior resources, together with numerous different books and a different library assortment entire with videotape empirical proof of applicability of the idea to a large choice of conditions. this is often crucial simply because platforms technology has to be attentive to diversified human occasions of the widest trouble, and it needs to fill the void that the categorical sciences can't fill, simply because those sciences are insensitive to the prerequisites of reconciling disparate perspectives of a number of observers, and incorporating neighborhood stipulations in hypotheses that precede inductive explorations.

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Extra info for An Introduction to Systems Science

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These and other Appendices are intended to add depth to the Chapters, and have permitted me to keep some of the Chapters quite short in order to sustain continuity. Chapter 1 Unlimited Scope of System Science Like many scientists, the system scientist is driven by the irritation of doubt: • • Doubt about methods. I doubt that those methods which are promoted for use in working with systems are adequate to cope with the complexity inherent in most or any of the problematic situations of this era Doubt about biases.

It has been found that there is almost never a majority viewpoint when members of a group are asked to decide which of the problems they have produced and clarified are the most important. If asked to choose the five most important problems from the collection, it is very rare that any problem is chosen by at least half of the members of the group. Yet the structural model portrays a majority view on hundreds or thousands of relationships among the problems. This is a major reason why the products from ISM enable management to move forward knowingly, rather than to impose a strategy which, typically, represents one more component of the spreadthink milieu that exists before the ISM work is carried out.

Situation. " If one accepts these ideas, the work to be done following the use of NGT should appear clearly: the ideas developed through NGT should be structured to display key relationships among the members. This is not to say that NGT develops no relationships; but rather that NGT develops a particular kind of relationship, which can be firmly stated as follows: "x is a response to question y" where y is the specific question (the "triggering question") to which the participants in the NGT session responded, and x refers to any response that remains (often in edited form) following the completion of the clarification session of NGT.

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