American Biodefense: How Dangerous Ideas about Biological by Frank L. Smith III

By Frank L. Smith III

Biological guns have threatened U.S. nationwide defense on the grounds that at the least international battle II. traditionally, despite the fact that, the U.S. army has missed examine, improvement, acquisition, and doctrine for biodefense. Following September eleven and the anthrax letters of 2001, the us all started spending billions of bucks in keeping with yr on scientific countermeasures and organic detection platforms. yet such a lot of this investment now comes from the dept of healthiness and Human prone instead of the dep. of security. Why has the U.S. army missed biodefense and allowed civilian firms to take the lead in protecting the rustic opposed to organic assaults? In American Biodefense, Frank L. Smith III addresses this complicated and principally untold tale approximately technology, expertise, and nationwide security.

Smith argues that organizational frames and stereotypes have triggered either army overlook and the increase of civilian biodefense. within the armed prone, influential principles approximately kinetic struggle have undermined security opposed to organic conflict. The impact of those rules on technological know-how and expertise demanding situations the traditional knowledge that nationwide safety coverage is pushed by way of threats or bureaucratic pursuits. Given the guidelines at paintings contained in the U.S. army, Smith explains how the teachings discovered from biodefense can assist remedy different very important difficulties that diversity from radiation guns to cyber attacks.

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78 My argument also relates to culture, but it avoids many of the pitfalls that plague cultural explanations. ”80 For Legro, organizational culture explains why accidents involving submarine warfare and strategic bombing escalated into intentional use during World War II, despite taboos against them, while similar accidents involving chemical weapons were not considered cause for retaliation in kind. He argues that submarine warfare and strategic bombing were compatible with military cultures in Germany and Britain whereas chemical warfare was not.

In summary, the three theories presented in this chapter provide plausible, although dissimilar, predictions about biodefense policy. Realism predicts that research, development, acquisition, and doctrine will be responsive to the threat environment, and, since biological warfare and bioterrorism are credible threats, we should expect sizable investments in military biodefense. Alternatively, bureaucratic interests lead us to expect that overall support for biodefense might vary with the ebb and flow of competition over turf, but the officials responsible for these programs should be staunch advocates and prominent players in biodefense policy at the DoD and HHS.

78 My argument also relates to culture, but it avoids many of the pitfalls that plague cultural explanations. ”80 For Legro, organizational culture explains why accidents involving submarine warfare and strategic bombing escalated into intentional use during World War II, despite taboos against them, while similar accidents involving chemical weapons were not considered cause for retaliation in kind. He argues that submarine warfare and strategic bombing were compatible with military cultures in Germany and Britain whereas chemical warfare was not.

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