Alexander A Friedmann: The Man who Made the Universe Expand by Eduard A. Tropp, Viktor Ya. Frenkel, Artur D. Chernin

By Eduard A. Tropp, Viktor Ya. Frenkel, Artur D. Chernin

Our universe will be defined mathematically by means of an easy version constructed in 1922 at Petrograd (St. Petersburg) by means of Alexander Friedmann (1888-1925). with out the good thing about observational proof, Friedmann estimated that the complete universe may extend and evolve with time. This impressive prediction used to be proven seven years later via Edwin Hubble. Its originator, regrettably didn't dwell to have fun with this triumph. This brilliant biography of an excellent scientist units his existence and paintings opposed to a large backdrop of the background of cosmological stories and its significant gamers, reminiscent of Einstein and others. The booklet is a window on Friedmann's university and collage years, army provider, and educating and learn in the course of a seminal interval of Soviet historical past. The authors comprise distinct archival fabric, comparable to Friedmann's letters from the Russian entrance, in addition to modern documents and memories of affiliates. there's a unique remedy of his paintings in theoretical cosmology (1922-1924), set within the context of the association of Soviet technological know-how on the time.

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Extra resources for Alexander A Friedmann: The Man who Made the Universe Expand

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To Mr. Friedmann. The abovementioned papers [there is a gap in the text of the copy; the original apparently had the titles of two published papers by Tamarkin and Friedmann on Bernoulli numbers - V. ] were written jointly by Mr. Friedmann and Mr. Tamarkin, as well as an essay which was awarded a gold medal. The two have equal abilities and already give the impression of young scientists, rather than recent graduates. In his last year at the University he was working on an essay on the subject I assigned: "Find all orthogonal substitutions such that the Laplace equation, transformed for the new variables, admits particular solutions in the form of a product of two functions, one of which depends only on one, and the other on the other two variables" [see Steklov's note in his diary of April 18, 1900 - V.

Isakov, Yu. A. Krutkov, G. Ye. Perlitz and V. M. Chulanovsky, teachers at St. Petersburg University or graduates who had stayed on at the University to prepare for the teaching profession; V. F. Mitkevich, an electrical engineer from the Polytechnical Institute; V. V. Doinikova, M. A. Levitskaya and A. B. Feringer, physics students from the Bestuzhev Women's School; and finally - Ya. D. Tamarkin and A. A. Friedmann, mathematicians, who are of special interest to us. The names of Friedmann and Tamarkin are found in the correspondence between Ehrenfest and Ioffe; V.

Friedmann was full of contradictions: fanaticism, for instance, combined with unusual pragmatism. He was bold, but I remember us riding on horses in Tim - Friedmann was afraid of them. " I wrote down a few words that she said about Alexander Friedmann's literary tastes (I wish now I had put down more, but my task was to find out as much as possible about Ehrenfest, and as to Friedmann, there seemed to be enough time . . ). His favorite writers were Dostoyevsky, E. T. A. Hoffmann, and Poe; he read a lot of Merezhkovsky and Fyodor Sologub.

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