Advances in Biochemical Engineering Biotechnology by Wolfgang Babel, Alexander Steinbüchel

By Wolfgang Babel, Alexander Steinbüchel

Residing platforms synthesize seven various periods of polymers. they supply constitution and shape for cells and organisms, functionality as catalysts and effort garage and hold the genetic info. some of these polymers own technically attention-grabbing houses. a few of these biopolymers are already used commercially. This certain quantity of Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology contains 10 chapters. It provides an outline of the water insoluble biopolyesters, specifically of the microbially synthesized poly-hydroxyalkanoate (PHA) relatives. It experiences the state-of-the-art of metabolism, legislation and genetic heritage, the most recent advances made in genetic optimization of micro organism, "construction" of transgenic vegetation and in vitro synthesis via purified enzymes. additionally, it describes correct applied sciences and evaluates views referring to expanding the industrial viability and competitiveness of PHA and discusses functions in medication, packaging, meals and different fields.

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This postulate was supported by many lines of evidence. Highly pa- Polyesters in Higher Plants 39 Fig. 12. Schematic representation of how the plant cuticle induces cutinase in a fungal spore thogenic species and isolates of fungi were found to have cutinase on their conidia [151]. Induction of cutinase gene expression by contact with cutin and activation of transcription of cutinase gene by the unique monomers of cutin have been demonstrated [171]. Cloning of fungal cutinase gene led to identification of the promoter elements required for transcriptional activation by hydroxy fatty acids [172].

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