A Short History of Chinese Philosophy by Yu-lan Fung, Derk Bodde

By Yu-lan Fung, Derk Bodde

The vintage chronicle of chinese language philosophical proposal from the 3rd millennium to the 20 th century.

From the sage-kings of historical China to the 1911 overthrow of the oldest monarchical method on the planet, chinese language philosophy has advanced and prompted colleges of proposal all over the world. In an available voice, A brief historical past of chinese language Philosophy in actual fact illuminates Confucianism, Taoism, Mohism, Yin-Yang, and extra. For these drawn to philosophy or Asian experiences, this can be the right window into old and smooth chinese language ideology.

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I "Those of the Agricultural school had their origin in the Ministry of Soil and Grain. They taught the art of sowing the various kinds : of grain and urged people to plow and to cultivate the mulberry so , that the clothing and food of the people would be sufficient.... , Herein lies the strong point of this school. "Those of the School of Story Tellers had their origin in the Petty Offices. This school was created by those who picked up the t11k of streets and alleys and repeated what they heard wherever they went.

I have quoted him al length because his description of the various schools is itsclf a classic in Chinese historiography. The sludy of Chinese histOlY has made great progress in China in recent times, especially during the few years just before the Japanese invasion of 1937. In the light of recent research, therefore, I have formed a theory of my own in regard to the origin of the philosophic schools. In spirit this theory agrees with that of Liu Hsin, but it must be expressed in a different way.

In the Erlz Ya, which is the oldest ' dictionary of the Chinese language, dating from before the Christian era, there are more than one hundred terms for various family rela- , tionships, mast of which have no equivalent in tJle English language. For the same reason ancestor worship developed. In a family living in a particular place, the ancestor worshiped was usually the first of the family wl10 had established himself and his descendants there on the land. He thus became the symbol of the unity of the family, ' and such a symbol was indispensable for a large and complex organization.

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